Prague (or Praha in Czech) is one of the most interesting cities in Europe. It is a jewel of Central Europe and it has been the political, cultural and economic centre of the Czech state for more than 1100 years.
Prague is the ancient capital of Charles IV’s Bohemian Kingdom and during Middle Ages one of the most important cities of the Holy Roman Empire. The city has played a pivotal role in the development of Central Europe since the Middle Ages. Its epic history has made Prague one of the most beautiful cities in the world, with tourism of vital economic importance.
Prague is not overrun by tourism, but its effects are evident for all to see. Much of the post-communism reconstruction and regeneration of Prague has been driven by tourism, as ancient buildings have been transformed into fine restaurants and stylish hotels.
Prague’s historical centre is divided into five areas, spanning both banks of the Vltava River. Charles Bridge is the main connection across the river in the historical centre. On one side of the river there is the Old Town (Staré Město), centered on the Old Town Square; the New Town (Nové Město), centered on Wenceslas Square; and the Jewish Quarter (Josefov). On the other side there is the Lesser Town (Malá Strana); and high above this the Castle District (Hradčany), centred on Prague Castle. Other areas which are close to the city centre include Vyšehrad, Vinohrady, Karlín, Smíchov, Holešovice, Žižkov and Dejvice.